We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more



                                        Skip to Main Content


                                        Nelson M. Oyesiku, MD, PhD, FACS

                                        Of, for, and by the authors

                                        Neurosurgery Open is an online-only, fully Open Access publication of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The goal is to provide an outlet for the publication of scientific papers dealing with clinical neurosurgery and experimental neurosurgery, such as case series, case reports, and other information of interest to neurosurgeons.

                                        Find out more

                                        For the Authors

                                        Submit your work

                                        Review the author guidelines and learn how to submit your research to Neurosurgery Open.

                                        Submit now

                                        Equator Network

                                        All authors should consult the EQUATOR Network website, which maintains a useful, up-to-date list of guidelines as they are published, with links to articles and checklists.

                                        Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

                                        This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)


                                        Author resources

                                        Learn about how to submit your article, our publishing process, and tips on how to promote your article.

                                        Find out more

                                        Neurosurgery Open on Facebook

                                        Connect with the journal on Facebook for more news and updates about NEUROSURGERY? Publications.

                                        Open Facebook

                                        Neurosurgery Open on Twitter

                                        Connect with the journal on Twitter for more news and updates about NEUROSURGERY? Publications.

                                        Open Twitter

                                        Congress of Neurological Surgeons on Instagram

                                        Connect with the CNS on Instagram for more news and updates about NEUROSURGERY? Publications.

                                        Open Instagram

                                        Connect with CNS

                                        CNS Journal Club Podcast

                                        The CNS Journal Club podcast presents essential journal articles in a classic journal club format with conversations by the authors and other neurospecialists.

                                        Explore now

                                        CNS Annual Meeting

                                        The CNS Annual Meeting is the premier forum for learning about cutting-edge procedures, approaches, and technologies in the field.

                                        CNS Spotlight

                                        CNS Spotlight - highlighting content in Neurosurgery with curated, relevant content from the CNS web of knowledge. Each month one key Neurosurgery article is the launch point for a self-guided journey of discovery.

                                        Explore now

                                        This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

                                        Sign In or Create an Account


                                        This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

                                        View Article Abstract & Purchase Options

                                        For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.



                                                                              Variety show



                                                                              Second-hand housing




                                                                              Super League