We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more



                                        Skip to Main Content



                                        Axel Brakhage
                                        Carmen Buchrieser
                                        Matthias Horn
                                        Paula Traktman

                                        Editorial board

                                        The journal of the FEMS European Academy of Microbiology

                                        microLife is an Open Access journal from FEMS and EAM, reporting research of the highest standard, novelty and significance in microbiology and related disciplines.

                                        Find out more

                                        Publish with microLife

                                        Why submit?

                                        microLife will be the open access platform for leading experts in microbiology, find out about the benefits of publishing in microLife, including format-free submission and scoop protection.

                                        Find out more

                                        EAM Academy Submissions

                                        Each Member of the European Academy of Microbiology (EAM) can use the Academy Submission route to publish in microLife.

                                        Find out more

                                        Open for submissions

                                        Join us in building a more open future. microLife is now accepting submissions, including full-length research articles, short reviews, and commentaries.

                                        Submit your paper online

                                        About microLife

                                        Introducing microLife

                                        In recognition of increased calls for openness and transparency in research, FEMS are is delighted to announce the launch of two new fully Open Access journals, in recognition of increased calls for openness and transparency in research, and to help meet the latest needs of researchers.

                                        Find out more

                                        Editorial board

                                        As the journal of the European Academy of Microbiology (EAM), microLife is run by leading microbiologists in their own fields. 

                                        See the editorial board

                                        Scope and topics

                                        Find out more about the scope, policies and ambitions of microLife. 

                                        Find out more


                                        Visit the FEMS Journals Portal

                                        Explore the FEMS journals portal, the online gateway to assist the microbiology community in their education and development. It features the best of recent articles from across the FEMS Journals, as well as the latest call for papers.

                                        Find out more

                                        Thematic issues

                                        FEMS Journals regularly publish thematic issues of specially commissioned and curated articles. They provide the very latest research on important subjects such as antimicrobial resistance, education in science, and mathematical models.

                                        Browse thematic issues

                                        Federation of European Microbiological Societies

                                        FEMS is leading the way in promoting excellence and diversity in science, and in channelling high quality knowledge to solving today's societal problems around microbiology. It does this by funding research, publishing journals, connecting microbiologists, and partnering with other organizations.

                                        Find out more about FEMS

                                        Stay up to date

                                        Be the first to know about new articles

                                        Register for email alerts to receive a notification straight to your inbox when new articles publish.

                                        Sign up

                                        Follow on Twitter

                                        Stay up-to-date with the latest research from FEMS, as well as interesting microbiology news, with @FEMSMicro.


                                        Contact FEMS

                                        FEMS Editorial Office, Delftechpark 37A, 2628 XJ Delft, The Netherlands
                                        Tel: +31 15 302 0050
                                        Email: fems@fems-microbiology.org

                                        Get in touch

                                        This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

                                        Sign In or Create an Account


                                        This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

                                        View Article Abstract & Purchase Options

                                        For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.




                                                                              search for




                                                                              Super League